Resources

Browse or search our library of research, data, and resources for the latest information on all aspects of local criminal justice reform—from racial disparities to women in jails to mental health.

Featured Resources

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COVID Data Analysis Jail Populations June 22, 2021

The Impact of COVID-19 on Crime, Arrests, and Jail Populations

The JFA Institute

Beginning in March 2020, local and state criminal agencies took several actions to mitigate the rising number of people being infected with the COVID-19 virus. To address these concerns, a variety of policies were enacted to reduce the number of persons held in jails. These polices were designed to 1) mitigate the number of people […]

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail November 19, 2020

Dollars and Sense In Cook County

Don Stemen and David Olson (Loyola University Chicago)

This report by researchers at the Center for Criminal Justice Research, Policy, and Practice at Loyola University Chicago analyzes the impact of bond reform in Cook County on felony bond court decisions, pretrial release, and crime. Researchers evaluated a 2017 general order by Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County Timothy Evans reevaluating […]


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Costs of Jailing

The growth of jails has been costly in many ways.

 
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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

May 13, 2021


Connection to Care in a Municipal Jail Setting

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

November 19, 2020


Dollars and Sense In Cook County

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Courts Data Analysis Pretrial and Bail

June 25, 2020


The Present And Future Of AI In Pre-Trial Risk Assessment Instruments

Innovation Case Studies

Case studies prepared by the Urban Institute show how small-scale innovations in policy and practice are helping to reduce reliance on jail incarceration across the Safety and Justice Challenge Network.

 
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Implementation Guide

Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Lessons on Front-End Diversion from Deschutes County, OH

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Implementation Guide

Human Toll of Jail Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Pretrial Strategy for Handling Intimate Partner Violence Cases

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Implementation Guide

Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Using the Sequential Intercept Model to Guide Local Reform

Jail Growth

Jail incarceration and jail admissions have grown dramatically since the 1970s. In many parts of the country, the growth continues unabated.

 
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COVID Data Analysis Jail Populations

June 22, 2021


The Impact of COVID-19 on Crime, Arrests, and Jail Populations

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Jail Costs Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

May 13, 2021


Removing Barriers To Pretrial Appearance

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Data Analysis Jail Costs Jail Populations

November 19, 2019


Broken Ground: Why America Keeps Building More Jails and What It Can Do Instead

Jail Overview

Local jails are the gateway to the criminal justice system, and a major component and driver of mass incarceration.

 
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Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Pretrial and Bail

September 9, 2020


In the Shadows: A Review of the Research on Plea Bargaining

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Pretrial and Bail Racial Disparities

December 12, 2019


Civil Rights and Pretrial Risk Assessment Instruments

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Implementation Guide

Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Prosecutors

October 24, 2019


Working Toward Safety and Justice Through Police and Prosecutor Partnerships

Mental Illness and Substance Abuse in Jails

Jails have become the “treatment of last resort” for people struggling with mental illness and addiction.

 
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Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Substance Abuse

January 26, 2021


Overdose Deaths and Jail Incarceration

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Mental Health

August 1, 2019


Mental Health: The Legislative Primer Series for Front End Justice

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Issue Brief

Interagency Collaboration Jail Populations Mental Health

May 14, 2015


When Political Will is Not Enough: Jails, Communities, and Persons With Mental Health Disorders (Policy Research Associates)

Poverty and Homelessness in Jail

Jails are often de facto warehouses for people without money or stable housing.

 
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Data Analysis Homelessness Human Toll of Jail

August 12, 2020


No Access to Justice: Breaking the Cycle of Homelessness and Jail

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

August 26, 2019


Arrest, Release, Repeat: How police and jails are misused to respond to social problems

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Young Adults

August 1, 2019


Young Adults in the Justice System: The Legislative Primer Series for Front-End Justice

Racial Inequity

People of color—particularly Black people and their communities—suffer disproportionately from America’s overuse of jails.

 
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Data Analysis Diversion

July 27, 2021


Race and Prosecutorial Diversion, What We Know and What Can Be Done

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Presumption of Innocence Pretrial and Bail

May 21, 2020


The “Radical” Notion Of The Presumption Of Innocence

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Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Racial Disparities

January 31, 2019


The Challenge of Criminal Justice Reform

Results from the Safety and Justice Challenge Network

Interim results from cities and counties participating in the Safety and Justice Challenge show that jail incarceration can be reduced without compromising public safety, and that local justice systems can be made fairer in the process.

 
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Data Analysis Jail Costs Jail Populations

June 22, 2021


Jail Decarceration and Public Safety

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Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Jail Populations

February 9, 2021


Reducing the Misuse and Overuse of Jails in Safety and Justice Challenge Sites

Women in Jail

Women are the fastest growing correctional population in the country.

 
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Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Women in Jail

March 27, 2020


Assisting Women throughout the Justice Continuum

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Women in Jail

October 30, 2019


Women’s Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2019

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Implementation Guide

Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail Women in Jail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Implementing Alternatives to Incarceration for Women in Rural Communities