Resources

Browse or search our library of research, data, and resources for the latest information on all aspects of local criminal justice reform—from racial disparities to women in jails to mental health.

Featured Resources

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Data Analysis Racial Disparities November 15, 2022

Race and Prosecution in Broward County, Florida

R.R. Dunlea, Besiki Luka Kutateladze, Melba Pearson, Don Stemen, Lin Liu

This report measures the scope and magnitude of racial and ethnic disparities in prosecutorial outcomes in the Broward State Attorney’s Office, Florida, during 2021.

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Community Engagement Interagency Collaboration Racial Disparities October 26, 2021

A Path Toward Safe and Equitable Cities

National League of Cities

In February of 2021, the National League of Cities launched the Reimagining Public Safety Task Force made up of local leaders from across the country to reimagine how they ensure public safety in their communities. Over several months, we held meetings and listening sessions – digging deep into what cities, experts and communities were feeling, […]


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Costs of Jailing

The growth of jails has been costly in many ways.

 
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Community Engagement Costs Housing

November 22, 2021


Funding Housing Solutions to Reduce Jail Incarceration

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

May 13, 2021


Connection to Care in a Municipal Jail Setting

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

November 19, 2020


Dollars and Sense In Cook County

Innovation Case Studies

Case studies prepared by the Urban Institute show how small-scale innovations in policy and practice are helping to reduce reliance on jail incarceration across the Safety and Justice Challenge Network.

 
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Bail Community Engagement Crime Data Analysis Featured Jurisdictions Human Toll of Jail Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail Pretrial and Jails Pretrial Justice Pretrial Services Racial Disparities

July 1, 2022


Expanding Supervised Release in New York City

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Implementation Guide

Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Lessons on Front-End Diversion from Deschutes County, OH

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Implementation Guide

Human Toll of Jail Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Pretrial Strategy for Handling Intimate Partner Violence Cases

Jail Growth

Jail incarceration and jail admissions have grown dramatically since the 1970s. In many parts of the country, the growth continues unabated.

 
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Data Analysis Jail Populations Racial Disparities

November 18, 2022


Measuring Progress: Declining Populations, Rising Disparities

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COVID Data Analysis Incarceration Trends

November 18, 2022


Measuring Progress: The Fall & Rise of Jail Populations During the Pandemic

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Bail Community Engagement Crime Data Analysis Featured Jurisdictions Human Toll of Jail Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail Pretrial and Jails Pretrial Justice Pretrial Services Racial Disparities

July 1, 2022


Expanding Supervised Release in New York City

Jail Overview

Local jails are the gateway to the criminal justice system, and a major component and driver of mass incarceration.

 
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Incarceration Trends Presumption of Innocence Pretrial and Bail Pretrial and Jails Pretrial Justice Pretrial Services

October 12, 2022


Cages Without Bars

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Courts Data Analysis Frequent Jail Users Incarceration Trends Probation Sanctions

May 5, 2022


Trends in Jail Incarceration for Probation Violations

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Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Pretrial and Bail

September 9, 2020


In the Shadows: A Review of the Research on Plea Bargaining

Mental Illness and Substance Abuse in Jails

Jails have become the “treatment of last resort” for people struggling with mental illness and addiction.

 
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Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Substance Abuse

January 26, 2021


Overdose Deaths and Jail Incarceration

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Mental Health

August 1, 2019


Mental Health: The Legislative Primer Series for Front End Justice

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Issue Brief

Interagency Collaboration Jail Populations Mental Health

May 14, 2015


When Political Will is Not Enough: Jails, Communities, and Persons With Mental Health Disorders (Policy Research Associates)

Poverty and Homelessness in Jail

Jails are often de facto warehouses for people without money or stable housing.

 
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Data Analysis Homelessness Human Toll of Jail

August 12, 2020


No Access to Justice: Breaking the Cycle of Homelessness and Jail

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail

August 26, 2019


Arrest, Release, Repeat: How police and jails are misused to respond to social problems

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Issue Brief

Data Analysis Human Toll of Jail Young Adults

August 1, 2019


Young Adults in the Justice System: The Legislative Primer Series for Front-End Justice

Racial Inequity

People of color—particularly Black people and their communities—suffer disproportionately from America’s overuse of jails.

 
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Data Analysis Jail Populations Racial Disparities

November 18, 2022


Measuring Progress: Declining Populations, Rising Disparities

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Data Analysis Racial Disparities

November 15, 2022


Race and Prosecution in Broward County, Florida

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Publication

Bail Community Engagement Crime Data Analysis Featured Jurisdictions Human Toll of Jail Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail Pretrial and Jails Pretrial Justice Pretrial Services Racial Disparities

July 1, 2022


Expanding Supervised Release in New York City

Results from the Safety and Justice Challenge Network

Interim results from cities and counties participating in the Safety and Justice Challenge show that jail incarceration can be reduced without compromising public safety, and that local justice systems can be made fairer in the process.

 
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Diversion Featured Jurisdictions Plea Bargains Pretrial Services

July 27, 2022


Reject or Dismiss? A Prosecutor’s Dilemma

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Bail Community Engagement Crime Data Analysis Featured Jurisdictions Human Toll of Jail Jail Populations Pretrial and Bail Pretrial and Jails Pretrial Justice Pretrial Services Racial Disparities

July 1, 2022


Expanding Supervised Release in New York City

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Report

Diversion Featured Jurisdictions Jail Populations

May 26, 2022


Examining The Impacts Of Arrest Deflection Strategies On Jail Reduction Efforts

Women in Jail

Women are the fastest growing correctional population in the country.

 
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Data Analysis Interagency Collaboration Women in Jail

March 27, 2020


Assisting Women throughout the Justice Continuum

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Data Analysis Jail Populations Women in Jail

October 30, 2019


Women’s Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2019

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Implementation Guide

Interagency Collaboration Pretrial and Bail Women in Jail

October 12, 2018


Case Study: Implementing Alternatives to Incarceration for Women in Rural Communities